6.1. General information and security measures

Petrol models

Are a part of fuel system: established in a back part of the car (under a pillow of a back seat) the fuel tank with an adsorber on absorbent carbon, fuel-supply lines, the electric fuel pump, and also the electronic system of consecutive injection operated by the control unit.

The reserve of fuel is shown to the driver on the dashboard. Gather on the petrol engine of couple of gasoline in an adsorber and move in engine combustion chambers.

Style of driving of the car has significant effect on fuel consumption. Several councils for the reasonable handling of the accelerator pedal are given below.

Diesel models

Are a part of fuel system: established in a back part of the car (under a pillow of a back seat) the fuel tank, the fuel filter, nozzles, fuel tubes and hoses, the fuel reserve sensor located in a tank and the block of electronic control the engine.

Fuel moves the special pump via the filter. In the filter the dirt and water which is contained in fuel accumulates.

The engine is operated the electronic system similar to a control system of petrol engines. The system operates operation of the engine, analyzing information arriving from a large number of sensors.

On diesel models there is no accelerator cable. Instead of it on a pedal the sensor of its situation is installed.

The fuel cut-off valve at switching off of ignition is absent. To kill the engine at switching off of ignition, the control unit of the engine sends a signal which, in turn, stops supply of fuel to nozzles to the TNVD control unit.

The fuel system is designed so that not to allow air "suction" in the absence of fuel in a tank. The control unit constantly checks fuel level in a tank, processing information arriving from the sensor of a reserve of the fuel located in a tank. When falling a reserve of fuel to a certain level the control unit activates a control lamp on a combination of devices then forcibly causes admissions of supply of fuel, limiting to that the maximum speed. It proceeds until fuel level in a tank does not exceed an admissible mark.

The fuel system of diesel engines is very reliable. When using pure fuel and performing regular service it has to function regularly before the termination of service life of the car. After very big run internal components of nozzles can wear out, and they will need to be repaired. As the pump - nozzles have a difficult design, repair is recommended to be carried out in a specialized workshop.

Security measures and rules of respect for purity during the work with fuel system

During the work with fuel system it is necessary to observe the following security measures and purity:

Security measures at removal of the fuel tank