7.3.1. General information

General information

System of onboard self-diagnostics

Several diagnostic devices making monitoring of separate parameters of systems of decrease in toxicity and fixing the revealed refusals in memory of the onboard processor in the form of individual codes of malfunctions are a part of the OBD system. The system makes also check of sensors and actuation mechanisms, controls vehicle service cycles, provides a possibility of storing even of the failures which are quickly arising in the course of work and cleaning of the block of memory.

All models described in the present manual are equipped with system of onboard diagnostics of the second generation (OBD II) which basic element is the onboard processor more often called by the electronic module of management (ECM - further), or (more rare) the module of management of functioning of the power unit (RSM).

ECM is a brain of a control system of the engine. Basic data arrive on the module from various information sensors and other electronic components (switches, the relay, etc.). On the basis of the analysis of the data arriving from information sensors, and according to the basic parameters put in the processor memory, ECM develops commands for operation of various operating relays and actuation mechanisms, carrying out thereby adjustment of working parameters of the engine, and providing maximum efficiency of its return at the minimum fuel consumption. The scheme of an arrangement of electronic modules of management of various systems of the car is shown on an illustration of the Detail of installation of the module of management of a forward door.

Data read-out of the processor memory of OBD II (ECM) is made by means of the special scanner connected to the 16-contact diagnostic socket of reading of the database (DLC). By means of the same scanner also processor memory cleaning is carried out. Performing procedures of reading of the DTC codes and cleaning of memory of ECM will be reasonable to be charged to specialists of car service.

On some models reading of the ECM codes of malfunctions (DTC) which are written down in memory in principle can be made by means of an auxiliary light-emitting diode, and also by the codes highlighted on the display automatic К/В.

The DLC socket is located under the car dashboard at the left

Identification of plugs of the 16-contact diagnostic socket (DLC)

1 -
2 -
3 — TNA Signal
4 — Connection with the case, the plug 31
5 — the Case - an alarm conclusion, the plug 31
6 — the Tire of data of CAN high level
7 — Electronics of the engine (ME)
8 — Food, the plug 87
9 — the Traction control system (ETS)
10 -

11 — the Control unit of transmission (ETC)
12 — the Module of activity (AAM)
13 — Security systems
14 — the Tire of data of CAN Low level
15 — IC a combination of devices
16 — Plus batteries through a safety lock. Energized at any position of the lock of ignition, the plug 30

Data on diagnostic units

Connection of a multimeter to sockets of the control unit of the engine by means of an auxiliary splitter

Check of serviceability of functioning of components of systems of injection and decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases is made by means of the universal digital measuring instrument (multimeter). Use of the digital measuring instrument is preferable for several reasons. First, on analog devices it is rather difficult (sometimes - it is impossible), to define result of the indication to within the 100-th and thousand shares while at inspection of the contours including electronic components in the structure, such accuracy is of particular importance. The second, not less important, the fact that the internal contour of a digital multimeter, has rather high impedance is the reason (internal resistance of the device makes 10 megohms). As the voltmeter is connected to the checked chain in parallel, the accuracy of measurement of subjects is higher, than smaller current will pass through actually device. This factor is not essential at measurement of rather high values of tension (9 ÷ 12 V), however becomes defining at diagnostics of the elements giving low-voltage signals, such as, for example, lambda probe where it is about measurement of shares of volt.

Parallel observation of parameters of signals, resistance and tension in all chains of management is possible by means of the splitter included consistently in the socket of the control unit of the engine. At the same time on the switched-off, working engine or during the movement of the car, measurement of parameters of signals on splitter plugs is performed from what the conclusion about possible defects is drawn.

Special diagnostic scanners or testers with a certain cartridge (if it is provided), a universal cable and the socket can be used to diagnostics of electronic systems of the engine, automatic transmission, ABS, SRS and other. Besides, it is possible to use the expensive specialized automobile diagnostic computer which is specially developed for full diagnostics of the majority of systems of modern cars to this purpose (for example, ADC2000 of Launch HiTech). Also, it is possible to use scanners and specialized diagnostic analyzers to this purpose, for example FDS 2000, Bosch FSA 560, KTS500 (0 684 400 500) or the ordinary personal computer with the special adapter, a cable (for example, a set 1 687 001 439) and the installed program OBD II browser.

You can also download the free version of a browser of OBD II for diagnostics of your car from the website of authors of the present manual http//arus.spb.ru.

Some scanners, besides usual operations of diagnostics, allow to print out, at connection with the personal computer, the schematic diagrams of electric equipment which are stored in memory of the control unit (if those are put), to program anticreeping system, to observe signals in car chains in real time.

Reading of diagnostic codes and cleaning of the processor memory

Scheme of connection of the reader STAR DIAGNOSIS (0100) to the diagnostic DLC (X11/4) socket

Reading of the DTC codes and cleaning of the processor memory of system of onboard self-diagnostics is carried out by means of the branded STAR DIAGNOSIS (0100) scanner connected to the 38-contact DLC (X11/4) socket of the car.

Having connected the reader to the DLC socket, include ignition and start system of authorization of the driver (DAS).

In the MODEL DESIGNATION menu of the reader select the FIRTHER MODEL SERIES item, further act according to the displayed instructions depending on an objective (reading of codes, memory cleaning and so forth).